Cyclic voltammetry: A simple method for determining contents of total and free iron ions in sodium ferric gluconate complex

  • Hong Liu College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing
  • Qiao Yu College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing
  • Yixuan Ma Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University
  • Baoyu Liu College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing
  • Hongchun Pan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing
Keywords: Iron content, free iron ions content, iron supplements


Sodium ferric gluconate complex (SFGC) is the third generation of iron supplement of polysaccharide iron (III) complex (PIC). For evaluation of technological level and application value of the prepared SFGC, it would be of great significance to determine the iron content in SFGC in a simple but effective way. This paper introduces the cyclic voltammetry (CV) method for determination of iron content in SFGC. Under established optimal experimental conditions, the content of free iron ions can be directly scanned and calculated, while the total iron content can also be determined by completely acidifying SFGC into Fe3+ ions. After optimizing and screening, the optimal scanning conditions are determined as pH 3 and 0.05 V/s of the scanning rate. Prior CV measurements, 0.4 V of the enrichment potential, and 3 min of the enrichment time are found optimal. It has also been verified that CO32- ions present in the solution show little interference in the system within the experimental range of investigation. The contents of free Fe3+, Fe2+ ions and the total iron determined after acid-hydrolysis of SFGC can be accurately calculated according to the corresponding linear relationships between peak currents and iron concentrations. In this paper, the repeatability and accuracy of the method are verified, and its feasibility as a convenient and effective method to determine the iron supplements is confirmed.


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Electrochemical Science