Silver ion recognition using potentiometric sensor based on recently synthesized isoquinoline-1,3-dione derivatives
The four derivatives of isoquinoline-1,3-dione based on β-lactum (I-IV), have been explored as neutral ionophores for preparing poly(vinylchloride) based polymeric membrane electrodes (PME) selective to silver(I) ions. The addition of sodium tetraphenylborate (NaTPB) and dioctylsebacate (DOS) as a plasticizer was found to improve the performance of ion selective electrodes. The best performance was obtained with PME-1 based on ionophore I having composition: ionophore (9.2 mg), PVC (100.1 mg), DOS (201.1 mg) and NaTPB (1.5 mg) in 5 mL tetrahydrofuran. The electrode response was linear with Nernstian slope of 58.44 mV/decade in the concentration range of 1.0 x 10-1 M to 5.0 x 10-6 M and detection limit of 5.83 x 10-6 M. It performs satisfactorily over wide pH range of 1.0-5.5. The proposed sensor can be used over a period of more than three months without any significant drift in potential and shows good selectivity to silver(I) ion over a number of cations especially with no interference of mercury(II) ions. Sharp end point was obtained when the sensor was used as an indicator electrode for the potentiometric titration of silver(I) ions with chloride ions and therefore this electrode (PME-1) could be used for quantitative determination of silver(I) ion in synthetic water, silver foil and dental amalgam samples.
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