Numerical modelling of buried pipelines under DC stray current corrosion
Corrosion of buried pipelines caused by stray currents is becoming a serious industrial and environmental problem. It is therefore necessary to study corrosion mechanisms of buried pipelines under DC stray currents in order to propose effective anti-corrosion measures. Since measurement of the potential is one of important ways to identify stray current intensity, the COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to simulate stray current corrosion dynamics of buried pipelines. It was also used to calculate the distribution and intensity changes of electrolyte potential in the cathodic protected system by solving Laplace’s three-dimensional equation. The obtained results showed that increased applied voltage leads to more positive shift of a pipeline potential, resulting in acceleration of stray current corrosion. On the contrary, increased soil resistivity can retard the corrosion process. The protected pipeline with a sacrificial anode suffers less corrosion interference than unprotected pipeline. Two crossed arrangement of pipelines makes no difference in corrosion of protected pipeline, but affects greatly on unprotected pipeline.
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