A generalized mathematical model to understand the capacity fading in lithium ion batteries-effects of solvent and lithium transport

  • Abhishek Deshpande Department of Chemical Engineering, BITS Pilani, Jawahar Nagar, Shameerpet, Hyderabad 500078
  • Saksham Phul Department of Chemical Engineering, BITS Pilani, Jawahar Nagar, Shameerpet, Hyderabad 500078
  • Balaji Krishnamurthy Department of Chemical Engineering, BITS Pilani, Jawahar Nagar, Shameerpet, Hyderabad 500078
Keywords: Lithium, Solvent, SEI layer, Capacity fade

Abstract

A general mathematical model to study capacity fading in lithium ion batteries is developed. The model assumes that the formation of the Solid Electrolyte interphase(SEI) layer is the primary reason behind the capacity fading in lithium ion batteries. Previous models have assumed that either the solvent or the lithium plays a key role in the film formation reaction which drives the capacity fading in lithium ion batteries. The current model postulates that the solvent species and lithium ions could play a limiting role in the capacity fade in a lithium ion battery. The model studies the concentration profiles of the solvent species and lithium ions at the electrode/film interphase as a function of diffusion and migration parameters. Model predictions are found to fit experimental data very well.

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Published
26-09-2015
Section
Electrochemical Engineering