Simulation of corrosion protection methods in reinforced concrete by artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic

Original scientific paper

  • Alireza Afshar Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4349-9203
  • Ali Shokrgozar Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Idaho State University, 921 S 8th Ave, Mail Stop 8060, Pocatello, Idaho, 83209 USA https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5835-8038
  • Abdollah Afshar Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4229-8039
  • Amirhossein Afshar Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3038-5426
Keywords: Simulation, Corrosion, Concrete, Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic
Graphical Abstract

Abstract

In this study, the effect of protection methods regarding the corrosion decrement of steel in concrete was simulated by artificial neural networks (ANNs) and fuzzy logic (FL) approaches. Hot dip galvanizing as a protective coating, Ferrogard 901 corrosion inhibitor, a pozzolanic component, such as fly ash (FA) and micro-silica (MS), and eventually rebar AISI-304 were employed in concrete. Reinforced concrete samples were held under impres­sed voltage of 30 V in 3.5 % NaCl electrolyte for 350 hours toward a stainless-steel auxiliary electrode. Corrosion currents have been modelled using feed forward back propa­gation ANNs and FL methods. The results demonstrate good consistency between cor­rosion data and simulated models. Furthermore, the correlation coefficient criterion clearly indicates using pozzolanic materials, with a combination of MS and FA, can be introduced as one of the best corrosion protection methods, with a 35 % contribution factor in reinforced concrete.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A. Afshar, S. Jahandari, H. Rasekh, M. Shariati, A. Afshar, A. Shokrgozar, Construction and Building Materials 262 (2020) 120034. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.120034

M. Saberian, S. Jahandari, J. Li, F. Zivari, Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering 9(4) (2017) 638-641. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrmge.2017.01.004

S. Jahandari, M. Saberian, Z. Tao, S. F. Mojtahedi, J. Li, M. Ghasemi, S. S. Rezvani, W. Li, Cold Regions Science and Technology 160 (2019) 242-251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2019.02.011

S. Jahandari, M. M. Toufigh, J. Li, M. Saberian, Geotechnical and Geological Engineering 36 (2018) 413-424. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-017-0335-4

F. Sadeghian, A. Haddad, S. Jahandari, H. Rasekh, T. Ozbakkaloglu, Canadian Geotechnical Journal 58(5) (2021). https://doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2019-0650

H. Rasekh, A. Joshaghani, S. Jahandari, F. Aslani, M. Ghodrat, Self-Compacting Concrete: Materials, Properties and Applications, Woodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering, London, United Kingdom (2020) 31-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-817369-5.00002-7

S. Jahandari, S. F. Mojtahedi, F. Zivari, M. Jafari, M. R. Mahmoudi, A. Shokrgozar, S. Kharazmi, B. Vosough Hosseini, S. Rezvani, H. Jalalifar, Geomechanics and Geoengineering 17(1) (2020) 269-281. https://doi.org/10.1080/17486025.2020.1739753

A. Toghroli, P. Mehrabi, M. Shariati, N. T. Trung, S. Jahandari, H. Rasekh, Construction and Building Materials 252 (2020) 118997. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.118997

M. Kazemi, M. Hajforoush, P. K. Talebi, M. Daneshfar, A. Shokrgozar, S. Jahandari, M. Saberian, J. Li, Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials 9(5) (2020) 289-306. https://doi.org/10.1080/21650373.2020.1734983

M. Rezania, H. Moradnezhad, M. Panahandeh, M. J. R. Kami, A. Rahmani, B. V. Hosseini, Journal of Building Engineering 31 (2020) 101343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101343

M. Kazemi, J. Li, S.L. Harehdasht, N. Yousefieh, S. Jahandari, M. Saberian, Structures 23 (2020) 87-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2019.10.013

L. Bertolini, B. Elsener, P. Pedeferri, E. Redaelli, R. B. Polder, Corrosion of Steel in Concrete: Prevention, Diagnosis, Repair, John Wiley & Sons, 2013. ISBN: 978-3-527-33146-8

B. Elsener, Materials Science and Technology, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2006.

M. El-Reddy, Steel Reinforced Concrete Structures: Assessment and Repair of Corrosion,. CRC Press, New York, 2007. ISBN 9781138066984

C. L. Page, J. Havdahl, Materials and Structures 18 (1985) 41-47. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02473363

O. Kayali, Construction and Building Materials 22(12) (2008) 2393-2399. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2007.09.001

A. L. A. Fraay, J. M. Bijen, Y. M. de Haan, Cement and Concrete Research 19(2) (1989) 235-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-8846(89)90088-4

W. Aperador, R. Mejía de Gutiérrez, D. M. Bastidas, Corrosion Science 51(9) (2009) 2027-2033. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2009.05.033

D. D. N. Singh, S. Yadav, Surface and Coatings Technology 202(8) (2008) 1526-1542. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2007.07.013

D. D. N. Singh, R. Ghosh, Surface and Coatings Technology 202(19) (2008) 4687-4701. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2008.03.038

M. M. Al-Zahrani, S. U. Al-Dulaijan, M. Ibrahim, H. Saricimen, F. M. Sharif, Cement and Concrete Composites 24(1) (2002) 127-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-9465(01)00033-6

A. Bautista, A. González-Centeno, G. Blanco, S. Guzmán, Materials Characterization 59(1) (2008) 32-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2006.10.008

W. Morris, M. Vázquez, Cement and Concrete Research 32(2) (2002) 259-267. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(01)00669-X

S. Akkurt, G. Tayfur, S. Can, Cement and Concrete Research 34(8) (2004) 1429-1433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.01.020

F. Özcan, C.D. Atiş, O. Karahan, E. Uncuoğlu, H. Tanyildizi, Advances in Engineering Software 40(9) (2009) 856-863. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advengsoft.2009.01.005

M. Sarıdemir, I. B. Topçu, F. Özcan, M. H. Severcan, Construction and Building Materials 23(3) (2009) 1279-1286. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2008.07.021

M. Sarıdemir, Advances in Engineering Software 40(9) (2009) 920-927. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advengsoft.2008.12.008

H. Tanyildizi, Advances in Engineering Software 40(3) (2009) 161-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advengsoft.2007.05.013

I. B. Topçu, C. Karakurt, M. Sarıdemir, Materials & Design 29(10) (2008) 1986-1991. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2008.04.005

I. B. Topçu, M. Sarıdemir, Computational Materials Science 41(3) (2008) 305-311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2007.04.009

I. B. Topçu, M. Sarıdemir, Computational Materials Science 42(1) (2008) 74-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2007.06.011

I.-C. Yeh, Cement and Concrete Research 28(12) (1998) 1797-1808. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(98)00165-3

I. B. Topçu, M. Sarıdemir, Construction and Building Materials 22(4) (2008) 532-540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2006.11.007

I. B. Topçu, A. R. Boğa, F. O. Hocaoğlu, Automation in Construction 18(2) (2009) 145-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2008.07.004

N. Ukrainczyk, V. Ukrainczyk, Magazine of Concrete Research 60(7) (2008) 475-486. https://doi.org/10.1680/macr.2007.00016

T. Parthiban, R. Ravi, G.T. Parthiban, S. Srinivasan, K. R. Ramakrishnan, M. Raghavan, Corrosion Science 47(7) (2005) 1625-1642. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2004.08.011

D. M. Roy, P. Arjunan, M. R. Silsbee, Cement and Concrete Research 31(12) (2001) 1809-1813. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(01)00548-8

P. S. Mangat, B. T. Molloy, Cement and Concrete Research 21(5) (1991) 819-834. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-8846(91)90177-J

G. Yang, L. Ying, L. Haichao, Corrosion Science 43(3) (2001) 397-411. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-938X(00)00090-1

A. Afshar, A. Nobakhti, A. Shokrgozar, A. Afshar, Revista Romana de Materiale/Romanian Journal of Materials 49(4) (2019) 535-543. https://solacolu.chim.upb.ro/pg535-543.pdf

BS 1881 116 1983 Testing Concrete. Method for Determination of Compressive Strength of Concrete Cubes, British Standards Institute, London, United Kingdom, 1983. https://pdfcoffee.com/bs-1881-part-116-concrete-cubes-pdf-free.html

A. R. Boğa, Ý.B. Topçu, M. Öztürk, Materiali in Tehnologije/Materials and Technology 46(5) (2012) http://mit.imt.si/izvodi/mit125/boga.pdf

E. Güneyisi, M. Gesoğlu, Materials and Structures 41 (2008) 479-493. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-007-9260-y

E. Güneyisi, T. Özturan, M. Gesoğlu, Cement and Concrete Composites 27(4) (2005) 449-461. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2004.05.006

V. Horsakulthai, K. Paopongpaiboon, American Journal of Applied Sciences 10(3) (2013) 239-246. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajassp.2013.239.246

V. Saraswathya, H.-W. Song, Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta 26(5) (2008) 417-432. http://dx.doi.org/10.4152/pea.200805417

K. Sakr, Cement and Concrete Research 35(9) (2005) 1820-1826. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.10.015

R. C. C. Silva, J. N. C. Guerreiro, A. F. D. Loula, Advances in Engineering Software 38(11-12) (2007) 868-875. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advengsoft.2006.08.047

V. Kappatos, A. N. Chamos, S. G. Pantelakis, Materials & Design 31(1) (2010) 336-342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2009.06.009

B. Kröse, P. van der Smagt, An Introduction Neural Networks, Academic Press, New York, 1996. https://www.infor.uva.es/~teodoro/neuro-intro.pdf

D. Ok, Y. Pu, A. Incecik, Ocean Engineering 34(17-18) (2007) 2222-2230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2007.06.007

E. D. Kenny, R. S. C. Paredes, L. A. de Lacerda, Y. C. Sica, G. P. de Souza, J. Lázaris, Corrosion Science 51(10) (2009) 2266-2278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2009.06.004

P. Melin, O. Castillo, Hybrid Intelligent Systems for Pattern Recognition Using Soft Comput-ing,Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2005, p. 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-32378-5_1

S. L. Chiu, Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems 2(3) (1994) 267-278. http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/IFS-1994-2306

L. A. Zadeh, Synthese 30 (1975) 407-428. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00485052

J. M. Mendel, Proceedings of the IEEE 83(3) (1995) 345-377. https://doi.org/10.1109/5.364485

Y.-S. Choi, J.-G. Kim, K.-M. Lee, Corrosion Science 48(7) (2006) 1733-1745. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2005.05.019

D. Li, J. Shen, Y. Chen, L. Cheng, X. Wu, Cement and Concrete Research 30(9) (2000) 1381-1387. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-8846(00)00360-4

V. Saraswathy, H.-W. Song, Electrochimica Acta 51(22) (2006) 4601-4611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2006.01.005

L. K. Spainhour, I. A. Wootton, Cement and Concrete Composites 30(6) (2008) 535-543. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2008.02.004

A. K. Parande, B. Ramesh Babu, M. Aswin Karthik, K. K. Deepak Kumaar, N. Palaniswamy, Construction and Building Materials 22(3) (2008) 127-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2006.10.003

T. A. Söylev, M. G. Richardson, Construction and Building Materials 22(4) (2008) 609-622. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2006.10.013

M. C. García-Alonso, M. L. Escudero, J. M. Miranda, M. I. Vega, F. Capilla, M. J. Correia, M. Salta, A. Bennani, J. A. González, Cement and Concrete Research 37(10) (2007) 1463-1471. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconres.2007.06.003

G. Ping, S. Elliott, J. J. Beaudoin, B. Arsenault, Cement and Concrete Research 26(8) (1996) 1151-1156. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-8846(96)00110-X

T. Bellezze, M. Malavolta, A. Quaranta, N. Ruffini, G. Roventi, Cement and Concrete Composites 28(3) (2006) 246-255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2006.01.011

Z. Q. Tan, C. M. Hansson, Corrosion Science 50(9) (2008) 2512-2522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2008.06.035

I.-C. Yeh, Cement and Concrete Composites 29(6) (2007) 474-480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2007.02.001

N. Ukrainczyk, I. Banjad Pecur, N. Bolf, Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems 24(1) (2007) 15-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/10286600601024749

Y. A. Kumar, S. Sambasivam, S. A. Hira, K. Zeb, W. Uddin, T. N. V. Krishna, K. D. Kumar, I. M. Obaidat, H.-j. Kim, Electrochimica Acta 364 (2020) 137318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2020.137318

R. Ahmad, N. Iqbal, M. M. Baig, T. Noor, G. Ali, I. H. Gul, Electrochimica Acta 364 (2020) 137147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2020.137147

A. M. Sampaio, G. F. L. Pereira, M. Salanne, L.J. A. Siqueira, Electrochimica Acta 364 (2020) 137181 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2020.137181

A. R. Mule, S. K. Hussain, B. N. V. Krishna, J. S. Yu, Electrochimica Acta 364 (2020) 137231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2020.137231

S. Liu, S. Sarwar, H. Zhang, Q. Guo, J. Luo, X. Zhang, Electrochimica Acta 364 (2020) 137320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2020.137320

Published
01-04-2022
Section
Electrochemical Engineering